The report was prepared in April
Forum Disaster In Uttarakhand, India: After the drill, that was conducted in Dehradun on May 27, Haridwar on May 30 and Tehri-Garhwal on June 1, many solutions were offered to reduce damage in the state in the event of a disaster. The report of this drill is not public yet.
An important observation following the drill noted the gaps in communication between government agencies in the event of collapsed roads and linkages. It also noted that the coordination between various agencies at state and district level was better than at the local level—tehsil, block or town.
This, in effect, meant that practical implementation of disaster management would have gaping holes. He said as nothing can be done to ensure that this communication does not break during natural calamities, NDMA made some suggestions.
We suggested locations on roads should be identified where stock of food and Uttarakhand disaster2013 can be stored. Though landslides have crippled the road, it is still usable, he said.
At least the food shortage that many pilgrims are facing today in cut off areas could have been averted to an extent. NDMA was constituted under the Disaster Management Act of to draft policies and guidelines on disaster management, approve and coordinate the implementation of plans for disaster preparedness and management at the Central, state and ministerial levels.
However, so far it has limited its role to only issuing guidelines. The state government has taken no measure so far to work on the solution. NDMA also did not ensure implementation resulting in disaster and death. Officers supervising seven areas—operations, logistics, communication, resources, health, services and infrastructure—sit together to make a plan and allot specific responsibilities for efficient management.
This also reduces the possibility of gaps in operations due to misunderstanding among various agencies. No system in place below district level However, the system works only till the district level.
In this system, district magistrate coordinates activities of incidence commanders.
This system, along with the seven desk system, can increase efficiency of management and timely communication manifold, said another official of NDMA. The recommendation, as part of a general guideline for all the states, was issued in India in Most states, including Uttarakhand, are yet to implement it.
It is feared that thousands could be dead and missing and state could take years to get back to normalcy. Analysing a natural disaster is a complex and hazardous task.
Many a times, a natural disaster and its human impacts are a result of multiple things occurring together. At the same time, disasters, like the one being faced by Uttarakhand currently, highlight the stark anthropogenic reasons which contribute towards causing the disaster as well as increasing its impacts manyfold.
While the calamity is natural in the sense that the region did receive extremely heavy rainfall and cloud burst, the root causes which increased the human tragedy include unchecked and unplanned infrastructure development along the rivers and development of hundreds of hydel projects in the fragile zone without any proper checks and balances, transparent studies and participatory decision-making processes.
No specific and timely warning of the impending disaster The first failures: The first thing that strikes you when you analyse this disaster is that there was no specific and timely warning of impending disaster from the India Meteorological Department or any other body their claim to the contrary not withstanding.
In fact we do not have a system in place to forecast cloud burst events, when technology is available to achieve that at approximate cost of Rs 15 crore, as I was informed by IMD Director General, Dr S K Srivastava. It is good that NDMA vice-chair is now holding meetings to put such a system in place, but had he done that before the disaster, the destruction could have been significantly reduced.
Secondly, even after rainfall started, till date, six days after the event started on June 15, there is no account of how much rainfall occurred at what specific locations, and what was done to alert the populations that were at risk.
This is again a failure of IMD and local administration. In fact Kedarnath, one of the most affected areas, has no rain gauge, says the Indian Express.
In the whole of Rudraprayag district where Kedarnath is situated, there is just one rain gauge at the district headquarter, it reported. In a state like Uttarakhand, which is prone to disasters like cloud bursts, flash floods, land slides, the indiscriminate building of hundreds of hydropower projects, each project entailing dam, massive underground tunnels that need to be blasted through, the roads, townships and deforestation, the disaster and damage potential goes up multi fold, particularly when there are no credible environment of social impact assessments at project or basin level, no credible compliance system in place, nor any carrying capacity study.
Even the wrong operation of projects can add to the disaster potential, as happened in case of Tehri in September Too many hydropower projects, underground tunnels, roads, encroachments of riverbeds by buildings coupled with deforestation have worsened the impact of the flash floods manifold.
These are places where there is a heavy tourist influx. The collapse of buildings like a set of playing cards next to the river shows these were encroachments on the riverbed and floodplains. The river needs path to flow and when it takes the path it needs, the disaster for these buildings was inevitable.
There have been seven similar flood-related disasters in Rudraprayag in the last 34 years. The administration should have learnt, this is not the first time such a disaster has hit us.Jun 19, · At the same time, disasters, like the one being faced by Uttarakhand currently, highlight the stark anthropogenic reasons which contribute towards causing the disaster as well as increasing its impacts manyfold.
Abstract: Uttarakhand is one of the most vulnerable hill states to natural disasters. On 16, the state suffered its worst June On 16, the state suffered its worst June disaster in the living memory with huge loss of lives and widespread destruction.
Case study of Uttarakhand Flood Disaster - by Narendra Yadav 1. CASE STUDY OFCASE STUDY OF FLOODFLOOD BY-BY- Narendra YadavNarendra Yadav Vivekanand SahaniVivekanand Sahani 2.
As of 23 June , about 22, people are said to be still stranded. As of 22 June , the death toll in Uttarakhand was reported to be 1, with several more missing and more than 70, tourists and pilgrims stranded. By 23 June , some sources claimed that the death toll could even rise to 5, Uttarakhand floods What led to Kedarnath disaster [Book extract] Following the devastation, many questions were raised about unethical practices of hydroelectric power companies.
Uttarakhnd Disaster National Institute of - NIDM.