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Physical, social, economical, political and ecological access to balanced diets and safe drinking water, so as to enable every individual to lead a productive and healthy life in perpetuity is called as food security.
As we are witnessing the problem of food insecurity, malnutrition and hungry India, this is the time for us to usher into Second Green revolution, where emphasis should be on soil and water conservation in dry land agriculture, use of micro irrigation, increased investments in irrigation, organic farming, integrated investments in pest and disease management, precision farming systems based on agro ecological conditions, cultivation of HYVs resistant to drought, flood, salinity, pest and diseases, value addition, food processing, credit to farmers, price stabilization and targeted subsidies.
While in the pre-Green Revolution period, much of the increase in output was due chiefly to expansion in area under cultivation, after the Green Revolution, the output uptrend was sustained by increase in productivity due to introduction of yield-enhancing technology and supportive services and infrastructure.
The per capita foodgrains availability has risen during the same period from nearly grams per day despite unabated rise in population.
However, food self-sufficiency does not automatically reflect food security for the entire population at all the times though it does make the country food secure at the micro-level. To be effective, food security needs to manifest in all its dimensions, covering all regions and all economic strata of society.Food production is fundamental to our existence, yet we are using up the world's supply of phosphorus, a critical ingredient in growing food.
Today, phosphorus is mostly obtained from mined rock phosphate and is often combined in mineral fertilizers with sulphuric acid, nitrogen, and potassium. Food Security as described in World Food Summit, Rome , Food Security exists, when all people, at all time have physical and economic access to sufficient safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preference for an active and healthy life.
India has since become the world's second largest exporter of rice and seventh that of wheat.
However, food self-sufficiency does not automatically reflect food security for the entire population at all the times though it does make the country food secure at the micro-level.
Public distribution system in India represents a direct intervention by the government in the food market.
It involves subsidised distribution of limited quantities of essential goods such as cereals, sugar, edible oils, etc.
Distribution of cereals assumes great importance as . Improving Food Security: In the short term, the volatile prices can be decreased by price regulation and creation of larger cereal stocks to buffer the tight markets of food commodities and the subsequent risks of speculation.
Safety nets need to be provided to alleviate impacts of rising prices and food shortage. Food security means the easy availability and access of food at all times in sufficient quantity in a safe and nutritious form to meet the dietary requirements and food preferences for an active, healthy and productive life.
In fact, food security is the imperative prerequisite .