As a child, he was bright and inquisitive. One of his favorite words was "why?
How to Write a Summary of an Article? The Discovery of DNA It is amazing how important things are being discovered by persons who spend most of their lives dedicated to research.
It is perhaps more amazing how a scientist discovers one thing while trying to discover other things. Imagine if no one was patient enough to conduct experiments to prove their assumptions. This paper will discuss how DNA was discovered, its structure and the scientists who contributed to the discovery.
Deoxyribonucleic acid DNA is considered as the molecular blueprint of life that can be passed to the next generation. It was discovered in University of Georgia, from experiments seeking to understand bacterial pneumonia which claimed many lives during the twentieth century.
DNA looks like a twisted ladder wherein rungs are secured by two out of four molecules that are interlocking. These molecules are nucleic acid bases.
The four molecules include thymine, adenine, cytosine, and guanine University of Georgia, Certain scientists have been notable for conducting experiments leading to the discovery of DNA. One of these was Oswald Avery whose team was trying to find out how to treat lobular pneumonia. From his experiments, he proved that DNA indeed carries genetic information.
During that time, many people believed that the gene would be made up of protein and not nucleic acid WGBH, Another scientist which contributed to DNA discovery was Frederick Griffith who, inconducted an experiment utilizing pneumonia bacteria and mice.
Griffith assumed from his experiment, wherein he used a smooth S and rough R strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae on a mice, that polysaccharide coating was the cause of the illness to the mice. Further into his experiment, he found out that something in the living cell, and not the polysaccharides, caused the disease.
Furthermore, he speculated that the protein contained in the chromosomes was not the genetic bacteria due to the finding that heat denatures protein Biology at Clermont College, n. InSia and Dawson found out that transformation, a process wherein one strain absorbs the genetic material of another strain and becomes that bacterium, could also take place in liquid cultures of pneumococci and mice.
InLinus Pauling found out that proteins are shaped in alpha helix, which looks like a spring coil. Another significant discovery took place two years later, when Erwin Chargaff discovered an important foundation of the description of DNA: Francis Crick and James Watson.
They were not the only ones interested in studying DNA.
Franklin discovered the possibility that DNA can occur in two forms. It depends on the humidity of the air. Watson and Crick, determined to redeem their studies after a failed model, conceptualized that there are two chains of nucleotides in the molecule.
These two chains were in a helix, as what Franklin has discovered, but one chain was moving to the opposite direction of another. Furthermore, they believed that the strands of DNA molecule served as the template for the other. The strands separate during cell division.The discovery in of the double helix, the twisted-ladder structure of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), by James Watson and Francis Crick marked a milestone in the history of science and gave rise to modern molecular biology, which is largely concerned with understanding how genes control the chemical processes within cells.
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Since its discovery in the ’s, the application of DNA has been utilized in many ways.
When Deoxyribonucleic Acid, or DNA is examined, a precise decoding of genetic information is revealed. With the exception of identical twins, every person’s genetic code (commonly referred to as a Genetic Fingerprint) is inherited and unique.
We will write a custom essay sample on The Discovery of DNA specifically for you. for only $/page. Order Now. If that was the case, we would not know today that DNA is the genetic material.
This paper will discuss how DNA was discovered, its structure and the scientists who contributed to the discovery.
History from to a. The discovery in of the double helix, the twisted-ladder structure of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), by James Watson and Francis Crick marked a milestone in the history of science and gave rise to modern molecular biology, which is largely concerned with understanding how genes control the chemical processes within cells.
discovery of the dna fingerprint Historically, identity testing in the forensic field started with the analysis of the ABO blood group system. Later, new markers for identity and paternity identification were based on variations of serum proteins and red blood cell enzymes; eventually the .