Definition Bullying synonyms There is no universal definition of bullying, however, it is widely agreed upon that bullying is a subcategory of aggressive behavior characterized by the following three minimum criteria:
Causes of School Violence Causes of School Violence School violence is a many-faceted problem, making it difficult for researchers and practitioners to pinpoint its causes.
Many school violence statistics, for example, do not match the norms in our larger society.
Department of Justice, shows that overall crime rates in U. Simultaneously, school-based studies reveal that many violent behaviors have increased among children and adolescents. Department of Education and the U. Department of Justice, reveals that public schools experiencing violent incidents increased from 71 to 81 percent over a five-year period The same study reports that the percentage of students who reported gang presence at school increased from 21 percent in to 24 percent in Although no direct connection between gang activity and school violence can be established, the Effect of bullying on crime of gang activity in neighborhoods and schools does frequently coincide with increased violence reports.
School violence does not limit itself to the student population. Eight percent of teachers say they are threatened with violence on school grounds at least once a month. Two percent report being physically attacked each year. Although the specific incidents of school-based fatalities are too numerous to list, there were 48 school-associated deaths in elementary and secondary schools in one year alone, from July,through June, Statistics indicate that efforts to curb school violence are making some headway sincea high point for school-based violence.
From toviolent incidents occurred less frequently in school than away from school, according to the above listed study by the Bureau of Justice Statistics and the National Education Center.
In the context of school violence, it is critical to recognize that a large majority of young people are not violence-prone, do not have criminal attitudes or criminal records, and can be "demonized" by legislators, the media, and the general public. Michael Males, a professor at University of California at Santa Cruz, points to another source beyond the attitudes and behaviors of children.
Poverty, disownment, and messed-up adults are by far the biggest problems kids face, and the mystery is why only a relatively small fraction of modern kids are acting dangerously.
Most educators and education researchers and practitioners would agree that school violence arises from a layering of causes and risk factors that include but are not limited to access to weapons, media violence, cyber abuse, the impact of school, community, and family environments, personal alienation, and more.
Access to Weapons During the late 's and early 's, teen gun violence increased dramatically in the United States. More teens began to acquire and carry guns, leading to a sharp increase in gun deaths and injuries.
In two recent academic years, a total of 85 young people died violently in U. Seventy-five percent of these incidents involved firearms. Forty-two percent of students claimed "they could get a gun if they wanted, 28 percent have handled a gun without adult knowledge or supervision, and 17 percent have carried a concealed gun….
Teens can also acquire handguns in illegal sales. A study by University of California at Davis' Violence Prevention Research Program concluded that "American gun shows continue to be a venue for illegal activity, including unlicensed sales to prohibited individuals.
Following the Virginia Polytech shootings, the U. S House of Representatives passed a measure that would, according to the Los Angeles Times, "streamline the system for keeping track of criminals, mental patients, and others [including youth under 18] barred from buying firearms…" Currently, the bill has yet to pass into law, although many legislators believe the bill will be approved by both House and Senate.
By the time the average American child reaches seventh grade, he or she will have witnessed 8, murders andacts of violence on television. Some people say that so much violence on television makes American society--including its children--more violent. Discussion regarding the impact of the media on youth behavior is not new.
Inresearchers compared the behavior of 24 children watching either a violent cartoon episode Woody Woodpecker or a non-violent cartoon The Little Red Hen.
During subsequent observed interactions, children who watched the violent cartoon were more likely to hit other children and break toys than those who watched the nonviolent cartoon. Inprofessors A.
Ross studied the effect of exposure to real-world violence, television violence, and cartoon violence.News > Long Reads Ten years after the death of Fiona Pilkington, have the police got better at tackling hate crime?
The tragic backstory behind Fiona’s suicide was revealed under the unforgiving. The effects of cyberbullying are in many ways worse than traditional bullying. Learn more about the impact of cyberbullying and prevention tips here. Bullying is an uninformed illness that might be infectious just on the off chance that it is spread by those infected.
Yet it could additionally be cured by remedies of instruction and familiarity with being justifiable.
Security Consultant Chris E. McGoey evaluates business security plans and provides advice on how to reduce the risk of violent crime and property loss. He is court-qualified to testify as a security expert witness in premises liability litigation cases alleging crime was foreseeable or security was inadequate or a security guard was negligent, or made a false arrest or used excessive force.
The background and pro and con arguments were written by timberdesignmag.com staff based upon input from the following footnotes (directly referenced) and sources (used for .
Bullycide: True Stories Exposing The Influence Bullying has On Youth Suicide Vol. 2 [Alexander Scott] on timberdesignmag.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Have you or someone you know been a victim of bullying? The Devastating Effects Of Bullying Childhood bullying is on the rise.