Addiction is fundamentally a problem of drug or alcohol consumption. Scientific Faith Commitment to objective science guarantees that the foundational elements of the Official View are correct and certain. Medical Promise Medical research will soon find an effective treatment for addiction, which will probably be pharmacological. Please note that none of these six foundational elements of the Official View were discovered by high-tech neuroscience.
List of Batman comics Creation First published image of Batman, in Action Comics 12, announcing the character's debut in the forthcoming Detective Comics 27  In earlythe success of Superman in Action Comics prompted editors at National Comics Publications the future DC Comics to request more superheroes for its titles.
In response, Bob Kane created "the Bat-Man". I went over to Kane's, and he had drawn a character who looked very much like Superman with kind of He had two stiff wings that were sticking out, looking like bat wings.
And under it was a big sign Wayne, being a playboy, was a man of gentry. I searched for a name that would suggest colonialism. I tried Adams, Hancock Details find predecessors in pulp fictioncomic stripsnewspaper headlines, and autobiographical details referring to Kane himself.
Like them, Batman performed his heroic deeds in secret, averted suspicion by playing aloof in public, and marked his work with a signature symbol.
Kane noted the influence of the films The Mark of Zorro and The Bat Whispers in the creation of the character's iconography. One day I called Bill and said, 'I have a new character called the Bat-Man and I've made some crude, elementary sketches I'd like you to look at.
At the time, I only had a small domino mask, like the one Robin later wore, on Batman's face. Bill said, 'Why not make him look more like a bat and put a hood on him, and take the eyeballs out and just put slits for eyes to make him look more mysterious?
I thought that red and black would be a good combination. Bill said that the costume was too bright: As Bill and I talked, we realized that these wings would get cumbersome when Bat-Man was in action and changed them into a cape, scalloped to look like bat wings when he was fighting or swinging down on a rope.
Also, he didn't have any gloves on, and we added them so that he wouldn't leave fingerprints. This byline did not originally say "Batman created by Bob Kane"; his name was simply written on the title page of each story. The name disappeared from the comic book in the mids, replaced by credits for each story's actual writer and artists.
In the late s, when Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster began receiving a "created by" credit on the Superman titles, along with William Moulton Marston being given the byline for creating Wonder WomanBatman stories began saying "Created by Bob Kane" in addition to the other credits.
Finger did not receive the same recognition. While he had received credit for other DC work since the s, he began, in the s, to receive limited acknowledgment for his Batman writing; in the letters page of Batman February for example, editor Julius Schwartz names him as the creator of the Riddlerone of Batman's recurring villains.
However, Finger's contract left him only with his writing page rate and no byline. Kane wrote, "Bill was disheartened by the lack of major accomplishments in his career. He felt that he had not used his creative potential to its fullest and that success had passed him by. Jerry Robinsonwho also worked with Finger and Kane on the strip at this time, has criticized Kane for failing to share the credit.
He recalled Finger resenting his position, stating in a interview with The Comics Journal: Bob made him more insecure, because while he slaved working on Batman, he wasn't sharing in any of the glory or the money that Bob began to make, which is why That was one thing I would never forgive Bob for, was not to take care of Bill or recognize his vital role in the creation of Batman.
As with Siegel and Shuster, it should have been the same, the same co-creator credit in the strip, writer, and artist. This statement is fraudulent and entirely untrue. However, if one wants the 'credit', then one has to cease being a 'ghost' or follower and become a leader or innovator. In those days it was like, one artist and he had his name over it [the comic strip] — the policy of DC in the comic books was, if you can't write it, obtain other writers, but their names would never appear on the comic book in the finished version.
So Bill never asked me for it [the byline] and I never volunteered — I guess my ego at that time. And I felt badly, really, when he [Finger] died. Dawn of Justice and the second season of Gotham after a deal was worked out between the Finger family and DC. Arkham Knight Genesis 3.
The updated acknowledgment for the character appeared as "Batman created by Bob Kane with Bill Finger". Cover art by Bob Kane. Finger said, "Batman was originally written in the style of the pulps",  and this influence was evident with Batman showing little remorse over killing or maiming criminals.
Batman proved a hit character, and he received his own solo title in while continuing to star in Detective Comics.Batman is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC timberdesignmag.com character was created by artist Bob Kane and writer Bill Finger, and first appeared in Detective Comics #27, in Originally named the "Bat-Man", the character is also referred to by such epithets as the Caped Crusader, the Dark Knight, and the World's Greatest Detective.
Batman is the alias and second identity of billionaire Bruce Wayne, son of Thomas and Martha Wayne. Becoming the Dark Knight, he dedicated himself to protect Gotham City. Having witnessed his parents' death at the hands of a mugger as a child, Bruce traveled the world as an adult to train and.
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The Rise and Fall of the Official View of Addiction Bruce K. Alexander, Professor Emeritus Simon Fraser University Revised July 3 Confession and Plea to the High Court in the Field of Addiction. Bruce Wayne by his murdered parents, Thomas and Martha Wayne.
Born on October 13, , in Gotham City to Thomas Wayne, a billionaire philanthropist employed as a doctor, and Martha Kane-Wayne, an Irish-Catholic debutante, Bruce Wayne grew up home-schooled on his parents' Wayne Manor estate (since there was no public school .
Sheikha Mozah Bint Nasser Al-Missned on Forbes. Amid the renewed hope and progress of Qatar's recovering economy, the emir's glamorous second of three wives, Sheikha Mozah is pressing ahead with.