Woodruff Professor of Law; Alonzo L.
Juan Sanchez Villalobos is a Spanish world traveller and tough fiber adventurer currently living in a Feminist country. Among the wide range of relationships that most societies practiced throughout the history of man, monogamy has been one of the most popular, but anthropological research suggests that it has only been around for a few thousands of years.
Polygyny the practice of having more than one wife at one time was one of the most common forms of male-female association.
Homo Sapien men naturally surrendered to their polygamous nature.
The Benefits of Polygamy Intensive polygamy by wealthy, powerful males seems to be an optimal male reproductive strategy, as powerful males are able to control very large numbers of females. But the reality is, polygamy is a high stakes reproductive game for men, with some men winning big alphas and others losing big betas.
Stakes are pretty high for women as well.
Females must invest greatly in reproduction — pregnancy, lactation, and often childcare that required an extraordinary amount of resources and time. In short, polygamy actually advantages some men over other men, and some women over other women. Only a minority can achieve it.
How Did These Societies Turn to Monogamy First, we should differentiate ecologically-imposed monogamy from socially-imposed monogamy. Ecologically imposed monogamy is usually found in societies that have been forced to adapt to very harsh environments, such as deserts, arctic regions or other adverse climates.
The first Homo Sapien tribes that came to Europe established their settlements in the North Eurasian area. These populations were hunters and gatherers, not farmers. In such climates there was considerable pressure for male provisioning of the family.
Hunting required experience and years of intensive practice. In other words, it required high-investment parenting. Under such harsh conditions, it is impossible for males to control a great number of females, and women and their children would require a more committed provisioning from a male.
If these conditions persisted for an evolutionarily significant period of time, one might expect to find that the population develops a more equal contribution for each sexinvolving beta males into marriage, suggesting a tendency toward monogamy.
This perspective is consistent with ecological theory. Under ecologically adverse circumstances, adaptations are directed at coping with the adverse physical environment.
Many anthropologists consider this point in time to coincide with the rise of civilizationthe remarkable transformation of human beings from hunters-gatherers to farmers.
The pre-industrial family was the critical vehicle of Western modernization. Post-industrial families became more private, nuclear and based on the emotional bonding between husband and wife, parents and children.
Despite the preference for polygamy in primitive societies, the institution of monogamy diligently suppressed one of the strongest instincts in humans and led to the creation of the nuclear family model that was so common during the first half of the 20th century, providing welfare, comfort and stability to husband, wife and children.
The Broken Gender Social Contract At the beginning of the 21st century, the situation changed dramatically.
There are several indicators that the working social contract between the sexes that served men and women for many centuries has broken.Slyvia Chirawu - Special Correspondent At the recently held Zima awards, Cde Chinx brought his two wives to the stage to share with him the jo.
Race and the Priesthood - Response to timberdesignmag.com Introduction. An essay on Race and the Priesthood was added on 12/8/13 in the topical guide of the timberdesignmag.com website.
That really is tremendous growth. Now we can ask, does this kind of growth require mass conversions? As it turns out, this matches almost exactly the growth rate of the Mormon church over the past century.
Mormonism has grown at 43% per decade, and without mass conversions. 5. Exponential growth explains the explosion of Christianity perfectly.
Scenes from the official opening of the 26th Session of the Junior Parliament and commemoration of the Day of the African Child at the City Sports Centre in Harare this morning. When the Mormon Church left Kirtland, in Lake county, for Nauvoo, Iliinois, there were some members who refused to follow.
They repudiated the double-wife doctrine and said they would stay in Kirtland, faithful Mormons in all other respects. Animal sexual behaviour takes many different forms, including within the same timberdesignmag.com mating or reproductively motivated systems include monogamy, polygyny, polyandry, polygamy and timberdesignmag.com sexual behaviour may be reproductively motivated (e.g.
sex apparently due to duress or coercion and situational sexual behaviour) or non-reproductively motivated (e.g. interspecific.