Politics Nov 6,
Age, education, and income[ edit ] Rates of voting in the U. Presidential Election by income Rates in voting in the U. Presidential Election by educational attainment Age, income and educational attainment are significant factors affecting voter turnout.
Educational attainment is perhaps the best predictor of voter turnout, and in the election those holding advanced degrees were three times more likely to vote than those with less than high school education. Income correlated well with likelihood of voting as well, although this may be because of a correlation between income and educational attainment, rather than a direct effect of income.
Age difference is associated with youth voter turnout. Berman and Johnson's  argument affirms that "age is an important factor in understanding voting blocs and differences" on various issues. Young people are typically "plagued" by political apathy and thus do not have strong political opinions The Economist, As strong political opinions may be considered one of the reasons behind voting Munsey,political apathy among young people is arguably a predictor for low voter turnout.
As such, since most candidates running for office are pervasively over the age of 35 years Struyk,youth may not be actively voting in these elections because of a lack of representation or visibility in the political process.
Considering that one of the critical tenets of liberal democracy is voting, the idea that millennials are denouncing the value of democracy is arguably an indicator of the loss of faith in the importance of voting.
Thus, it can be surmised that those of younger ages may not be inclined to vote during elections. Education is another factor considered to have a major impact on voter turnout rates. Burden investigated the relationship between formal education levels and voter turnout.
He demonstrated the effect of rising enrollment in college education circa s, which — as expected - did result in an increase in voter turnout. However, "this was not true for political knowledge" Burden, ; a rise in education levels did not have any impact in identifying those with political knowledge a signifier of civic engagement until the s election, when college education became a distinguishing factor in identifying civic participation.
This article poses a multifaceted perspective on the effect of education levels on voter turnout. Based on this article, one may surmise that education has become a more powerful predictor of civic participation, discriminating more between voters and non-voters. However, this was not true for political knowledge; education levels were not a signifier of political knowledge.
Gallego also contends that voter turnout tends to be higher in localities where voting mechanisms have been established and are easy to operate — i.
One may contend that ease of access — and not education level — may be an indicator of voting behavior. Though youth in larger read: Smith and Tolbert's research reiterates that the presence of ballot initiatives and portals within a state have a positive effect on voter turnout.
Another correlated finding in his study Snyder, was that education is less important as a predictor of voter turnout in states than tend to spend more on education. Moreover, Snyder's research suggests that students are more likely to vote than non-students. It may be surmised that an increase of state investment in electoral infrastructure facilitates and education policy and programs results in increase voter turnout among youth.
Wealthier people tend to vote at higher rates. Harder and Krosnick contend that some of the reasons for this may be due to "differences in motivation or ability sometimes both " Harder and Krosnick,or that less wealthy people have less energy, time, or resources to allot towards voting.
Another potential reason may be that wealthier people believe that they have more at stake if they don't vote than those with less resources or income. Maslow's hierarchy of needs might also help explain this hypothesis from a psychological perspective.
If those with low income are struggling to meet the basic survival needs of food, water, safety, etc. Women's suffrage and gender gap[ edit ] There was no systematic collection of voter turnout data by gender at a national level beforebut smaller local studies indicate a low turnout among female voters in the years following Women's suffrage in the United States.For example, a study of mayoral elections in U.S.
cities from found that voter turnout in those cities averaged at %. In many cities, mayors have been elected with single-digit turnout. For example, turnout in Dallas' mayoral election was a mere 5%. According to the United States Election Project, which tracks voting trends, only 36 percent of registered voters cast ballots during the election cycle, the lowest turnout in a general election since , when many of the nation’s young people were out of the country fighting in World War II.
Becker said only three of 10 voters participated in .
Until America eliminates this two-step process, allowing for Election Day registration would help increase voter turnout. Voter turnout in was about 15 percent higher in states that had Election Day registration than in those that did not.
There are other measures that can also be taken to increase voter turnout. Voter turnout in the United States fluctuates in national elections. In recent elections, about 60% of the voting eligible population votes during presidential election years, and about 40% votes during midterm elections.
Michael McDonald, a political scientist at the University of Florida who runs the United States Election Project, estimates turnout as a share of the “voting-eligible population” by subtracting noncitizens and ineligible felons from the voting-age population and adding eligible overseas voters.
May 10, · Young-Adult Voting: An Analysis of Presidential Elections, Young people have stood out for their low levels of electoral participation, but a shift has appeared in some years, in the direction of greater engagement.
New Census Bureau data looks at voter turnout in the November presidential election by race, Hispanic origin.