A literary analysis of brave new world by huxley

Themes are the fundamental and often universal ideas explored in a literary work. The Use of Technology to Control Society Brave New World warns of the dangers of giving the state control over new and powerful technologies. One illustration of this theme is the rigid control of reproduction through technological and medical intervention, including the surgical removal of ovaries, the Bokanovsky Process, and hypnopaedic conditioning. Soma is a third example of the kind of medical, biological, and psychological technologies that Brave New World criticizes most sharply.

A literary analysis of brave new world by huxley

How many goodly creatures are there here! How beauteous mankind is! He was a contributor to Vanity Fair and Vogue magazines, and had published a collection of his poetry The Burning Wheel, and four successful satirical novels: Huxley said that Brave New World was inspired by the utopian novels of H.

He wrote in a letter to Mrs. Arthur Goldsmith, an American acquaintance, that he had "been having a little fun pulling the leg of H. Wells", but then he "got caught up in the excitement of [his] own ideas.

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From the SparkNotes Blog The boys learn about the Bokanovsky and Podsnap Processes that allow the Hatchery to produce thousands of nearly identical human embryos. During the gestation period the embryos travel in bottles along a conveyor belt through a factorylike building, and are conditioned to belong to one of five castes:
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Lenina Crowne, a hatchery worker, is popular and sexually desirable, but Bernard Marx, a psychologist, is not. He is shorter in stature than the average member of his high caste, which gives him an inferiority complex. Courting disaster, Bernard is vocal and arrogant about his criticisms, and his boss contemplates exiling him to Iceland because of his nonconformity.

His only friend is Helmholtz Watson, a gifted writer who finds it difficult to use his talents creatively in their pain-free society.

Bernard takes a holiday with Lenina outside the World State to a Savage Reservation in New Mexicoin which the two observe natural-born people, disease, the aging process, other languages, and religious lifestyles for the first time.

The culture of the village folk resembles the contemporary Native American groups of the region, descendants of the Anasaziincluding the Puebloan peoples of AcomaLaguna and Zuni. Bernard and Lenina witness a violent public ritual and then encounter Linda, a woman originally from the World State who is living on the reservation with her son John, now a young man.

She, too, visited the reservation on a holiday many years ago, but became separated from her group and was left behind. She did not try to return to the World State, because of her shame at her pregnancy. Ostracised by the villagers, John is able to articulate his feelings only in terms of Shakespearean drama, especially the tragedies of OthelloRomeo and Juliet and Hamlet.

Linda now wants to return to London, and John, too, wants to see this "brave new world". Bernard sees an opportunity to thwart plans to exile him, and gets permission to take Linda and John back.

On their return to London, John meets the Director and calls him his "father", a vulgarity which causes a roar of laughter. The humiliated Director resigns in shame before he can follow through with exiling Bernard.

Bernard, as "custodian" of the "savage" John who is now treated as a celebrity, is fawned on by the highest members of society and revels in attention he once scorned. Considered hideous and friendless, Linda spends all her time using soma, while John refuses to attend social events organised by Bernard, appalled by what he perceives to be an empty society.

She tries to seduce him, but he attacks her, before suddenly being informed that his mother is on her deathbed. Some children who enter the ward for "death-conditioning" come across as disrespectful to John until he attacks one physically.

He then tries to break up a distribution of soma to a lower-caste group, telling them that he is freeing them. Helmholtz and Bernard rush in to stop the ensuing riot, which the police quell by spraying soma vapor into the crowd.

Bernard, Helmholtz, and John are all brought before Mustapha Mond, the "Resident World Controller for Western Europe", who tells Bernard and Helmholtz that they are to be exiled to islands for antisocial activity. Bernard pleads for a second chance, but Helmholtz welcomes the opportunity to be a true individual, and chooses the Falkland Islands as his destination, believing that their bad weather will inspire his writing.

Mond tells Bernard that exile is actually a reward. The islands are full of the most interesting people in the world, individuals who did not fit into the social model of the World State. Mond outlines for John the events that led to the present society and his arguments for a caste system and social control.

John asks if he may go to the islands as well, but Mond refuses, saying he wishes to see what happens to John next. Jaded with his new life, John moves to an abandoned hilltop tower, near the village of Puttenhamwhere he intends to adopt a solitary ascetic lifestyle in order to purify himself of civilization, practising self-flagellation.

This soon draws reporters and eventually hundreds of amazed sightseers, hoping to witness his bizarre behaviour; one of them is implied to be Lenina. At the sight of the woman he both adores and loathes, John attacks her with his whip. Onlookers and journalists who arrive that evening discover John dead, having hanged himself.

Although Bernard is an Alpha-Plus the upper class of the societyhe is a misfit. Unlike his fellow utopians, Bernard is often angry, resentful, and jealous.

Aestheticism

At times, he is also cowardly and hypocritical. His conditioning is clearly incomplete. Success goes to his head.This webpage is for Dr.

Wheeler's literature students, and it offers introductory survey information concerning the literature of classical China, classical Rome, classical Greece, the Bible as Literature, medieval literature, Renaissance literature, and genre studies.

Brave New World - Wikipedia

the text of Brave New World Revisited () by Aldous Huxley. Glossary of Literary Terms - relating to English Literature. Definitions of terminology used in literary studies. Reprint from book. This webpage is for Dr.

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A summary of Themes in Aldous Huxley's Brave New World. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Brave New World and what it means.

A literary analysis of brave new world by huxley

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